Macular degeneration

It is an eye disorder that damages the center of the retina, called the macula. This makes it difficult to see details.

Causes

The retina is the layer of tissue at the back of the inner eye that changes light and images entering the eye into nerve signals that are sent to the brain.

The macula is the part of the retina that makes our vision sharper and more detailed.

Macular degeneration is caused by damage to the area around the blood vessels supplying the macula.

This change in the blood vessels damages the macula.

Scientists are not sure what causes AMD.

Symptoms

I see the person but do not know who he is, do not distinguish the features, I meet people on the street but I don't recognize their faces.

If I watch TV I do not distinguish the actors / presenters until I approach the screen.

When someone enters my house I do not know who he is, I do not recognize him until he speaks to me or I recognize his way of walking or speaking.

When I find someone on the street, do not know who he is until it's very near or when he is already speaking to me.

When I try to read the letters pile up.

I see straight lines crooked, for instance when I walk down stairs.

Sometimes I see tiny things like a needle, but when I'm going to take it I do not see it, and I have to go by touch palpating the area where I had seen it.

When I cook, I do not distinguish between oil and water, etc. I don't see steam coming out or I can't read the symbols in the appliances.